Drumstick Success Story

 

            The Ahmednagar District lies in the scarcity zone, which covers more than 90 per cent of the total cultivated area. This area being rainfed with average annual rainfall not exceeding 450 mm, farmers had little option but to grow only rainfed crops like Bajra and Jowar or to keep the land fallow in the Rabi and summer. The Krishi Vigyan Kendra realizing the water scarcity provided crop diversification programme for the farmers in the Dryland area with prime focus on Dryland crop like Drumstick. The local cultivar was short, with less pulp and had wide fluctuations in the varietal performance. The KVK took initiative and procured the high yielding Drumstick variety PKM-2 from TNAU Coimbatore. The crop was best suited for rainfed situations and could sustain the yields for 4 to 5 years. Initially the KVK planted the drumstick crop on a demonstration plot of one acre with the new variety. The demonstration plot started giving yield from six months onward itself. Thus the KVK made available the seeds and seedlings both since the plantation in August 1997. A wide extension and publicity was done with publishing in widely read agricultural magazines, newspapers, FM Radio and Television etc. The technology was thus disseminated not only through published material but the seed and seedlings were also made available for the farmers. The dissemination of technology thus met with widespread results. The farmers who took seeds and seedlings were able to reap monetary benefit ranging from 22,000/- acre to 45,000/- per acre in the Dryland pockets of Ahmednagar District.

The KVK has sold 175 kgs of seed with an estimated cropped area under drumstick of 351 hectares due to sale of seed while 36.7 hectares area due to sale of seedlings. The KVK has been able to disseminate the technology of drumstick cultivation to all the 31 districts of the Maharashtra state with maximum area in Ahmednagar district covering more than 500 hectares.

The KVK has also standardized the technique of pruning in Drumstick crop, which is widely being adopted in almost all the areas wherever the seed or seedlings have been supplied by the KVK. The farmers are also adopting the refinement made with respect to plantation of drumstick seedlings.

The KVK has given prime focus on dissemination of technology through conduct of 32 Training programmes, 12 crop demonstrations two on-farm trials, one State-Level Seminar and use of other electronic media like FM Radio, Television, Internet, telephone.

The KVK Babhaleshwar has thus become a prime source of technology and inputs for Drumstick cultivation within the State of Maharashtra with an estimated farmer beneficiaries of more than 18,600 directly and indirectly due to sale of seeds and seedlings and consultancy & advisory services for the drumstick growers.

INTERVENTION OF HIGH YIELDING DRUMSTICK BY THE KVK

 

Sale of Seed & Seedlings from KVK Nursery:

Sr. No.

Name of the Unit/ Products

Year

Total

1999-2000

2000-2001

2001-2002

2002-2003

2003-2004

 

Drumstick

Quantity produced kg/nos. (No.of beneficiaries)

 

1

Seed (Kgs)

26(78)

56(656)

28(125)

4.4(76)

61(115)

175.4(1050)

2

Seedlings (No.)

6450(165)

10900(145)

3400(105)

1385(35)

5386(131)

27521(581)

TOTAL: Seed(kg)

Seedlings (No.)

Beneficiaries(No.)

 

 

 

 

 

175.4

27521

(1631)

 Direct Acreage under Drumstick

Area covered due to seed sale:                                        351.00 ha

Area covered due to seedlings sale:                                 36.70 ha

Total acreage under Drumstick:                                       387.70 ha

 

Total No. of beneficiaries:                                                1631 farmers

 

Direct Acreage under Drumstick due to sale (1:1):         387.70 ha

 

Diffusion of Drumstick Cultivation (Indirect Acreage)

From farmers (1:3 ha):                                                          1163.10 ha

From 12 Small scale seedling nurseries (1:20 ha):                   240.00 ha

TOTAL                                                                                    1403.10 ha 

 

Gross Acreage under Drumstick due to KVK:               1        790.8 ha

 

Cost of Production Rs/ha:                                                 Rs. 29,500/-

Gross Income  Rs/ha:                                                         Rs. 54,000/-

Net Income Rs /ha:                                                            Rs. 24,500/-

Additional Income over local Rs /ha/annum:                   Rs 14,385/-

 

Direct Benefit to farmers:

Net increase in Income (Rs./year):                              Rs. 55,77,064/-   

Net increase in Income (Rs./5 years):                         Rs. 2,78,85,322/-

 

Indirect Benefit to farmers:

Net increase in Income (Rs./year):                              Rs.   2,01,83,593/-

Net increase in Income (Rs./5 years):                         Rs. 10,09,17,967/-

 Gross Benefit due to KVK’s Intervention (Rs./year):            Rs. 2,57,60,657/-

Gross Benefit due to KVK’s Intervention (Rs./5 year):            Rs. 12,88,03,289/-

 

FLD demonstration on Drumstick

Sr.

No.

Year

Season

Compo-

nent

Area

Ha.

No. of farmers

Yield

Qt./ha

Additi-

onal

Yield qt./ha

Rate

Rs/qt.

Additi

onal

income

Rs/ha.

Total

Additional

Income

Rs.

Total Cost

OF FLD

Prog. Including trg.,inputs, TA/DA/POL/

Extn. activities

 

Adop

Tion

%

Diffu

sion

Total benefit including diffusion

 

 

 

 

 

 

Demo.

Local

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2003-2004

Kharif

Introduction of High Yielding Variety

3.60

18

90

46

44

750/-

14385/-

2,58,930/-

39700/-

 

 

88.8

(16)

54

9,96,020/-

 Cost of cultivation Rs/hectare

 

Sr.

No.

Operation

Method

Local check

Demonstration

1.

Land preparation

 

0

0

 

Ploughing

Tractor

1000

1000

 

Harrowing

Tractor

500

500

 

Land preparation

Tractor

1800

1800

2

Seedling

 

1510

3775

3

Seedling Transplanting

 

1500

1500

4

FYM

 

1000

2000

5

Chemical fert.

 

0

3125

 

 

 

0

0

 

 

 

0

0

 

 

 

0

0

6

Plant protection

 

0

5000

7

Pruning & Intercultivation

 

3775

8550

8

Harvesting

 

1800

2250

9

Total cost of cultivation

 

12885

29500

10

Yield (qt./ha)

 

44

72

11

Rate (Rs./Qtl)

 

Rs. 500/-

Rs.750/-

12

Gross return

 

Rs. 22000/-

Rs 54000/-

13

Net return

 

Rs. 10115/-

Rs. 24500/-

14

Additional Income/ha

 

 

Rs. 14,385/-